أخبار وطنيةالحدثثقافةمنوعات

18 خطوة لوقاية أسرتك من مرض الكوليرا

يتفشى مرض الكوليرا المعدي في العديد من مناطق الدول العربية خصوصا الفقيرة منها، ومن المؤكد أن التدابير الوقائية التي يمكن اتباعها داخل البيت وخارجه تحدّ من التلوث الذي يحول المرض إلى وباء في حال التأخير في علاجه وضبط انتشاره.
إليك بعض التدابير التي تمنع انتقال الكوليرا بين الناس (الذي يظهر على شكل إسهال) :

1- غسل اليدين مراراً وتكراراً بالماء والصابون.

2- التأكد من نظافة أيدي الأطفال قبل الأكل وبعده، وبعد استخدام المرحاض.

3- تقليم الأظافر لأنها تعتبر موطناً للجراثيم، والتي لا يطاولها الصابون في أغلب الأحيان.

4- التأكد من نظافة مصادر المياه.

5- وضع قطعة قماش نظيفة على الصنبور لتصفية المياه من الشوائب.

6- غلي المياه بعد تصفيتها قبل استخدامها للشرب.

7- وضع المياه المغلية في قناني زجاجية شفافة، وإغلاقها، وتعريضها لأشعة الشمس.

8- عند عدم التمكن من غلي الماء يجب تعقيمها بمادة مطهرة من الجراثيم، مثل الكلور.

9- وضع الكلور بالمياه، أقراصاً أو محلولاً، وفق كميات محددة، مع اتباع التعليمات.

10- الاعتناء بالنظافة الشخصية لكل أفراد الأسرة، ونظافة المرحاض وتعقيمه.

11- الامتناع عن تناول أية أطعمة خارج المنزل، وخصوصاً الأطعمة المكشوفة.

12- الامتناع عن شرب العصير والمشروبات خارج البيت.

13- عدم تناول الآيس كريم، وعدم شراء الثلج واستخدامه.

14- تعقيم الخضروات والفواكه عند شرائها وعدم حفظها قبل غسلها جيداً، ويفضل تناول تلك التي يمكن تقشيرها.

15- اتباع الخطوات الصحية السليمة عند طهي الطعام وحفظه في البيت.

16- التأكد من نظافة الأواني قبل استخدامها للأكل والشرب.

17- سؤال الجهات الصحية القريبة منك عن ضرورة تناول اللقاح ضد الكوليرا.

18- لقاح الكوليرا فموي يؤخذ على جرعتين يفصل بينهما من 10 إلى 15 يوماً.

الخطوات الوقائية تخبرك عنها منظمة الصحة العالمية، والعديد من المواقع الطبية المتخصصة، ومن المفضل الاطلاع بشكل دائم على تطور الأوضاع الصحية في منطقتك، خصوصاً في حال الإعلان عن إصابات بالكوليرا.

وتبقى الوقاية التدبير الاحترازي المفروض، والذي قد يجنبك وأسرتك الإصابة بالمرض في الكثير من الأحيان.

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